March 16th, 2020
Nikola Zukalová, one of EGIC‘s analysts, wrote an extensive article on Smuggling in the Horn of Africa and the EU and GCC states‘ common interests in the region, including and interview with Yan St-Pierre about the smuggling routes and goods as well as possible solutions.
Smuggling, regardless if it is illegal goods or not, operates within a chain. Some of the links are larger than others, but it cannot happen without the contribution of the much smaller links, and this contribution can be coerced, not only by repression, but by circumstances. This means for example that if the only way to adequately provide for a family is to produce or transport illegal goods in a specific area because other forms of revenue are extremely scarce, then the coercion is a product of the economic environment, but not necessarily an illegal or illegitimate purpose. As such, it is a key security issue, but since states profit much by it, the willingness to deal with it will vary significantly.
To read the full article, please refer to the link above.